Better Learning Through Structured Teaching describes how teachers can help students develop stronger learning skills by ensuring that instruction moves from modeling and guided practice (situations where the teacher has most of the responsibility) to collaborative learning and, finally, to independent tasks.
Fisher and Frey (both teacher education, San Diego State U.) present a guide for K-12 teachers describing how they can use a "gradual release of responsibility" model of instruction which will help students develop and expand their capacity for authentic and long-lasting learning. Following an overview of this approach, the authors explain the four components: focus lessons in which the teacher establishes a lesson's purpose and models his or her thinking, guided instruction to facilitate students' increased responsibility for task completion, collaborative learning enabling students to discuss and negotiate with one another to create independent work, and independent tasks requiring students to use their previous knowledge to create new and authentic products. The text includes checklists for classroom setup and routines, critical questions, and real-world lesson plans. Annotation ©2008 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)